Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) is a biennial plant from the grass family (Poaceae). Sometimes it can grow under very favorable conditions persist longer. Italian ryegrass is originally from Lombardy in Italy and was first in the early nineteenth century, introduced in Scotland. From there the seeds to England and Ireland was expanded and seeds exported to other countries in Europe. Later, the Netherlands, Denmark and Germany with the seed production began.
The plants after the first year more hardy. From Italian ryegrass in Westerwolde Westerwold ryegrass selected. There are both diploid and tetraploid. The tetraploid varieties are larger and dark green leaves than the diploid.
The plant is 30-120 (up to 180) cm high and is less dense than English ryegrass turf. The smooth stems stand upright. The leaves are still rolled up in the vagina (in English ryegrass folded) and the top a little bit rough. The transition from leaf to leaf sheath are a little tongue and ears. The tongue (ligule) is 1.5 mm long and shaped hem.
Italian ryegrass thrives in late May and will bloom again after each mowing. Inflorescence a spike with a flat back and bent back, rough spindle. The ear usually on bends. The spikelets have ten to twenty flowers and are at least twice as long as the kelkkafjes. The kelkkafjes are about 6 mm long. The lower husk (lemma) is about 6.5 mm long and has a 5-10 mm long Awn. The stamen has pale yellow, 4 mm long helmet boxes. The fruit is a fruit crop.
Italian ryegrass is widely used for cutting and to a lesser extent for short-term temporary grass and gives a high yield. It is very palatable for livestock and for the flowering of high feed. In addition, under the grain sown for use as green manure and forage (supposedly stubble).
Italian ryegrass can be done in the spring and autumn sown. In spring sowing, the plants not in bloom the first year, except for a cold spring or very early sowing. Italian ryegrass can grow (Elytrigia repens) suppression.
In other languages:
• German: Welsches Weidelgras
• English: Italian ryegrass
• French: Ray-grass d'Italie
See also: International Flower Delivery, Florist
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